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Reduce the cost of logistics, part of the highway will be divided into pilot hours differentiated charges

Number of visits: Date:2017-8-22 13:43

In the field of logistics has been spread such a piece: the same cargo shipped from Beijing to Guangzhou freight than China shipped to the United States is still high. In the current market environment, the authenticity of the case remains to be verified, but the high cost of logistics enterprises is an indisputable fact.

The high cost pain point of the logistics industry seems to have found the antidote

In August 17th, the general office of the State Council issued the opinions on further promoting the logistics cost reduction and efficiency increasing and promoting the development of the real economy (hereinafter referred to as "opinion"). The "opinions" mentioned, choose time difference to carry out part of the highway toll pilot, the introduction of this year to improve the toll roads replacing business tax with value-added tax(VAT) implementation plan before the end of the year, and built a unified national toll fee Invoice Service platform.

In the first half of this year, the logistics cost was reduced by 35 billion 600 million yuan. Cai Jin, vice president of China Federation of logistics and purchasing, told the daily economic news reporter: "at present, the focus of reducing logistics costs is to reduce logistics management costs through decentralization. After 3 years or so, the ratio of total logistics cost to GDP has fallen by about 1.5 percentage points."

The proportion of logistics management expenses has risen

In July 10th, the national development and Reform Commission published "on further promoting the efficiency of logistics promotes the development of real economy (public opinion draft)" (hereinafter referred to as "the draft"), and the office of the State Council issued the "opinions" is the official version of the "draft".

Compared with the previous "draft", the official issued the "opinions" will promote the logistics of lowering the efficiency of work is subdivided into more than 10 ministries and the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of transport, Ministry of Commerce and the provincial government.

In addition, compared with the original "draft", "opinions" part of the wording has been adjusted. The "daily economic news" reporter found out, "the draft" in article twentieth referred to "the implementation of transportation standardization, increasing vehicle transport vehicles, 17.5 meters long flat semi-trailer and other key models of standardized control efforts". And the "opinion" in the formal release only mentioned "to strengthen the management of vehicle transport work", and no mention of 17.5 meters super long flat semi-trailer governance.

The "opinion" still "from the deepening of reform, increase the discharge pipe service fees, tax reduction efforts to strengthen key areas and weak links, accelerate the construction of seven aspects of logistics information standardization to promote the intelligent logistics cost efficiency.

In recent years, the logistics cost in China is declining. National Development and Reform Commission data show that in 2016 the total cost of social logistics and GDP ratio was 14.9%, down 1.1 percentage points over the previous year. According to the Ministry of transport statistics, in 2016 the whole industry to reduce logistics costs 55 billion 800 million yuan, in the first half of this year to reduce logistics costs 35 billion 600 million yuan, for economic and social development has made a positive contribution.

Logistics costs mainly include transportation, storage, management costs of three parts. National Development and Reform Commission data show that, 1~5 months, social logistics total cost of 4 trillion and 600 billion yuan, an increase of 9.4%, the growth rate fell by 0.4 percentage points over 1~4 months. Among them, transportation costs 2 trillion and 400 billion yuan, an increase of 11.9%; storage costs 1 trillion and 600 billion yuan, an increase of 6.5%; management costs 600 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%.

From the data of 1~5 month this year, management fees account for 13% of the total social logistics costs, compared with last year's management costs accounted for 12.6% of the total social logistics costs, the proportion of management fees also increased.

Cai Jin to the "daily economic news" reporter said, developed countries the proportion of the cost is only 3%~4%, generally speaking, management fees over 4% on the high.

Drop in tax fees, the "opinions" specifically mentioned, with value-added tax legislation, all aspects of coordination of unified logistics value-added tax. In 2017, improve the individual taxpayer of transportation industry in different places to open VAT invoice management system. "Opinions" mentioned, will also carry out special inspection of logistics fees, efforts to solve "arbitrary charges, fines" and other issues.

Carry out the reform of logistics cost reduction and efficiency improvement

To promote logistics, reduce costs, improve logistics efficiency, improve logistics comprehensive service ability is also the focus of the current logistics development.

"Opinion" shows that the Ministry of housing will be responsible for the study and formulate guidance, and further play the role of urban and rural planning support and guarantee the development of the logistics industry. In the comprehensive transportation hub, industrial gathering area and other logistics distribution center layout and improve a number of logistics parks, distribution centers, etc., to ensure the implementation of planning and logistics land, prohibit arbitrary change.

In addition, the "opinions" also proposed to improve the layout and a number of national logistics hub, transportation infrastructure construction important node strengthen, improve the urban and rural logistics network nodes, and relying on the Internet, big data, cloud computing and other advanced information technology, vigorously develop the "Internet plus", "car goods, Internet plus", "capacity optimization Internet plus" transport cooperation, "Internet plus" warehousing and trading and other new formats, new mode.

Cai Jin told reporters, to innovate logistics mode, improve efficiency, reduce logistics costs become the inevitable choice of enterprises, but also the fundamental driving force for enterprise development and transformation.

It is worth noting that promoting the development of the logistics industry has attracted attention in the local government level, and the investment growth in the logistics industry is obvious. National Bureau of statistics data show that in 2016, China's logistics industry (including transportation, warehousing and postal industry) investment reached 53628 yuan, an increase of 9.5%, higher than the national fixed asset investment growth rate of 8.1%.

The fixed assets investment of Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou in transportation, storage and postal service reached 99 billion 560 million yuan respectively

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